When we want to search some thing on the internet, what we normally do? Most of the times, we write our search term or query in the search box of one of the major search engines and then we press search button. What happens when we do this process? We see many search results which are presented in front of us. In below figure we can see the example of Google Search Engine.
But in ancient times search engines were not there. And internet was not so much common as we see now days of our life. Instead , what was called the internet was basically a collection of File Transfer Protocol (FTP) sites that users could use to search and download or upload the files. This process was very slow, to search a specific file users have to navigate each file. But there were some useful shortcuts also present but only some people know the exact address of the file location. This whole process was difficult and time consuming in overall. . But that was before a student at McGill University in Montreal decided there had to be an easier way. In 1990,
First Search Tool Archie
Alan Emtage created the first search tool used on the Internet. His creation,an index of files on the Internet, was called Archie.
If you’re thinking Archie, the comic book character created in 1941, you’re a little off track (at least for now). The name Archie was used because the file name Archives was too long. Later, Archie’s pals from the comic book series (Veronica and Jughead) came onto the search scene.
Search Engine BasicsArchie wasn’t actually a search engine like those that you use today. But at the time, it was a program many Internet users were happy to have. The program basically downloaded directory listings for all of the files that were stored on anonymous FTP sites in a given network of computers. Those listings were then plugged into a searchable database of web sites.
The search capabilities of Archie weren’t as fancy as the natural language capabilities you’ll find in most common search engines today, but at the time it got the job done. Archie indexed computer files, making them easier to locate.
Creation of Gopher
In 1991, however, another student named Mark McCahill, at the University of Minnesota, decided that if you could search for files on the Internet, then surely you could also search plain text for specific references in the files. Because no such application existed, he created Gopher, a program that indexed the plain-text documents that later became the first web sites on the public Internet. With the creation of Gopher, there also needed to be programs that could find references within the indexes that Gopher created, and so Archie’s pals finally rejoined him. Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computerized Archives) and Jughead (Jonzy’s Universal Gopher Hierarchy Excavation and Display) were created to search the files that were stored in the Gopher Index System. Both of these programs worked in essentially the same way, allowing users to search the indexed information by keyword. From there, search as you know it began to mature.
Creation of Wandex
The first real search engine, in the form that we know search engines today, didn’t come into being until 1993. It was developed by Matthew Gray, and it was called Wandex. Wandex was the first program to both index and search the index of pages on the Web. This technology was the first program to crawl the Web, and later became the basis for all search crawlers. And from there, search engines took on a life of their own. From 1993 to 1998.
Major Search Engines and Creation Date
The major search engines that you’re probably familiar with today were created:
- Excite was created in 1993
- Yahoo! Search Engine was created in 1994
- Web Crawler was created in 1994
- Lycos was created in 1994
- Infoseek was created in 1995
- AltaVista was created in 1995
- Inktomi was created in 1996
- Ask Jeeves was created in 1997
- Google was created in 1997
- MSN Search was created in 1998